Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020)

Mentoring for Sustaining and Maintaining Professionalism in Nigerian Academic Libraries

Oluwabiyi, Modupe Olayemi
E. Latunde Odeku Medical Library
College of Medicine
University of Ibadan
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – This paper highlights the usefulness of mentoring in sustaining professionalism among academic librarians in Nigeria. The paper identifies who a librarian is, the cardinal elements of a profession, the code of ethics of librarianship and why it is important for librarians to follow the rules and regulations of the profession.

Methodology – A quantitative research design was selected for this study to investigate the views of librarians on mentoring for sustaining professionalism in Nigerian academic libraries. The study used questionnaires to collect data which was analysed quantitatively.

Findings – The key findings showed that majority of the respondents are into one form of mentoring. Results also showed that there are benefits in mentoring and it should be encouraged and sustained for professional development. The paper concludes that mentoring is a tool needed for building future librarians and required for taking the profession to its expected destination.

Implications – The results of the study will help librarians and library associations to appreciation and encourage mentoring in the profession and do all to sustain professionalism through mentoring.

Originality – The paper’s contribution to knowledge lies in its evidence to support the position that librarians need mentoring to facilitate productivity and professionalism in academic libraries.

Keywords

Librarianship, mentoring, professional development, professionalism, librarians, Nigeria

Adoption of Web 2.0 tools for the Promotion of Services and Resources in University Libraries in South-South, Nigeria

Dr. Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo (CLN)
Library and Information Science Department, Delta State University, Abraka
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Osaze Patrick Ijiekhuamhen (CLN)
Library Department, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – This study investigated the adoption of Web 2.0 tools to promote library services and resources in university libraries in South-South, Nigeria.

Methodology – The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of the study was 164 librarians in university libraries that use Web 2.0. These university libraries were identified by physical visit as well as searching their Web 2.0 presence online. The total enumeration sampling technique was used for the study due to the manageable size of the population. Data was collected using questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data collected.

Findings – The study showed that the major Web 2.0 tools used by librarians to promote library services and resources are Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram and Twitter. LinkedIn, Google+, YouTube, Snapchat, Skype, wikis, and blogs are used minimally. The findings revealed that the services librarians are promoting using the Web 2.0 tools are user education, research help services, reference services, extension and outreach services, selective dissemination of information, announcement, loan services, and book reservation. The challenges affecting the use of Web 2.0 in university libraries include lack of policy on the use of Web 2.0, erratic power supply, and inadequate Internet infrastructure.

Implications – The findings of this study can be used by university libraries to develop promotional services using Web 2.0 tools.

Originality – This is an original, empirical study conducted in university libraries in South-South Nigeria.

Keywords

Web 2.0, promotion of services, promotion of library resources, University libraries, South-South, Nigeria

Academic staff perceptions of knowledge sharing practices in the Faculty of Communication and Information Science, National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe

Peterson Dewah
Lecturer, National University of Science and Technology
Honorary Lecturer, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – The purpose of this study was to find out whether academics in the Faculty of Communication and Information Science, National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Zimbabwe freely share academic knowledge.

Methodology – The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Using a census method, a questionnaire was administered to 55 academics in the faculty. Data collected was analysed using Microsoft Excel, frequency count and simple percentages.

Findings – The results indicate that academics in the faculty are aware of the importance of sharing knowledge but they do not share it frequently as and when it is necessary; NUST creates an environment for knowledge sharing though the Internet is not reliable for easy access of online digital resources, connectivity and flow of knowledge; academics require knowledge for postgraduate supervision, writing grant proposals.

Implications – This paper can be used as a stepping stone to develop an institutionalised written university knowledge management policy to help set standards and initialise the knowledge sharing and transfer in the Faculty of Communication and Information Science at NUST.

Originality – This empirical study will contribute to the theoretical knowledge on knowledge sharing in the higher education sector, which has been neglected in universities. It also contributes to knowledge on KM in the institutions of higher learning.

Keywords

Academics, knowledge sharing, NUST, tacit knowledge, explicit knowledge, Zimbabwe

Utilisation of Library and Information Services in the Judiciary of Uganda

Joyce Bukirwa
Department of Library and Information Science
East African School of Library and Information Science, Makerere University, Uganda

Reges Nanfuka
Records Officer
Judicial Service Commission, Uganda

Abstract

Rationale of Study – The purpose of this study was to examine the utilisation of library and information services in the Judiciary of Uganda. It was based on the premise that if library and information services in the Judiciary of Uganda are well utilised, effective administration of justice in Uganda would be achieved.

Methodology – The study was guided by Saracevic-Kantor theory of use-oriented value of library and information services. Participants were drawn from two (2) selected libraries namely, the High Court (criminal division) and the Supreme Court libraries. These are the oldest and have the biggest collection compared to the rest of the judiciary libraries. Given a population of five (5) librarians (2 from Supreme court library and 3 from the High Court library), interviews were held with four (4) librarians, two from each of the libraries.

Findings – The study established that both the High Court and Supreme Court libraries provide a wide range of services including current awareness, referral, research, selective dissemination of information, Internet, photocopying and newspaper clipping services. The services were regularly utilised across the libraries. However, only 47% of the users were very satisfied with the services, followed by 31% that were satisfied. Some of the challenges affecting the utilisation of library and information services in the Judiciary of Uganda include poor Internet connectivity, inadequate current information, insufficient funding, and limited library facilities.

Implications – This study recommends strengthening of library and information services across the Judiciary by digitising the information resources, system-wide automation, training of library users, improving Internet connectivity, increasing funding for library services, and formulation and implementation of a Judiciary of Uganda library policy.

Originality – This study is an addition to the scanty literature about judiciary library services, most especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The study ascertains the need for strengthening library and information services in judiciaries.

Keywords

Judiciary of Uganda, judiciary libraries, library services, judiciary library services, court Libraries

A meta-Analytical Review of the Role of Indigenous Knowledge on Environmental Conservation and Climate Change in Kenya

Richard Guto
Chuka University, Kenya
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – This paper examines how indigenous environmental knowledge (IEK) can be applied in the conservation and management of natural resources in Kenya. It also explores how IEK can be captured, coded, stored and integrated into climate studies and conservation efforts.

Methodology – Due to the lack of consensus on the nature of IEK whether ecosystem management, stewardship, natural resource management or environmental conservation practices, the study used a meta-analytical approach to review scientific publications, papers and published journals in order to develop an overarching framework that would guide the capture, documentation, repositing and archiving of the local IEK. The integration of indigenous knowledge systems into mainstream knowledge offers great potential in strengthening socio-ecological resilience.

Findings – The study identified several themes that include environmental stewardship, natural resource management, environmental conservation practises among others that relate to the IEK resources, its effectiveness on environmental management and the integration of IEK into climate change. The findings show that IEK has been applied in environmental conservations efforts in several countries such as the traditional resource usage models, the rain-making tradition of the Luhya Community, resource conservation practices of the Maasai among other practises. The study concludes that IEK can be drawn from several indigenous communities in Kenya that include, the Maasai, Sengwer, Pokot, Samburu among others and with the aid of the information science discipline which leads to the development of an IEK repository in Kenya.

Implications – The study recommends that national institutions in Kenya such as Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Kenya Forest Service, and Kenya Wildlife Service be involved in the search for alternative solutions to climate change concerns.

Originality – The study is advocating for the formalization and mainstreaming of the communal IEK among the communities in Kenya.

Keywords

Indigenous environmental knowledge, indigenous knowledge systems, natural resource management, conservation and climate change, meta-analysis, Kenya

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